|The Etruscans had wide streets in rectangular patterns.|
We first toured the museum in Marzabotto, and then we walked outside to explore the ruins of the ancient city of Kainua, which existed for about 200 years from the middle of the 6th to the middle of the 4th century B.C. before being overcome by Gallic invaders.
|The remains of the Temple of Tinia, the chief Etruscan diety.|
Archeologists have been studying Kainua since 1862, and in 1933, the Italian government purchased the site from a private estate. Its particular claim to fame derives from the fact that Marzabotto is in a sparsely populated valley southwest of Bologna, so the ruins of Kainua have been relatively untouched for about 2,400 years. Although building walls are now at most only a few feet high, the remaining foundations tell much about the way the residential, commercial and cultural areas were organized. The rectangular arrangement of the streets probably comes from Greek influence, but the design is also rooted in Etruscan religious rules. Rural and commercial buildings are mixed together, much the same as in old Italian city centers today. On the outskirts of the city are two necropoli with individual or family graves topped by round grave markers. These differ from the necropoli I saw in the old Etruscan settlement of Sovana, which consist of huge and varied tombs, carved out of solid rock.
|I try to read the name on the gravestone to see if I recognize any relatives, but all the writing has worn off.|